Mystery Roar from Faraway Space Detected

By Andrea Thompson
Senior Writer – Www.space.com

LONG BEACH, Calif. — Space is typically thought of as a very quiet place. But one team of astronomers has found a strange cosmic noise that booms six times louder than expected.

The roar is from the distant cosmos. Nobody knows what causes it.

Of course, sound waves can’t travel in a vacuum (which is what most of space is), or at least they can’t very efficiently. But radio waves can.

Radio waves are not sound waves, but they are still electromagnetic waves, situated on the low-frequency end of the light spectrum.

Many objects in the universe, including stars and quasars, emit radio waves. Even our home galaxy, the Milky Way, emits a static hiss (first detected in 1931 by physicist Karl Jansky). Other galaxies also send out a background radio hiss.

But the newly detected signal, described here today at the 213th meeting of the American Astronomical Society, is far louder than astronomers expected.

There is “something new and interesting going on in the universe,” said Alan Kogut of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.

A team led by Kogut detected the signal with a balloon-borne instrument named ARCADE (Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission).

In July 2006, the instrument was launched from NASA’s Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility in Palestine, Texas, and reached an altitude of about 120,000 feet (36,500 meters), where the atmosphere thins into the vacuum of space.

ARCADE’s mission was to search the sky for faint signs of heat from the first generation of stars, but instead they heard a roar from the distant reaches of the universe.

“The universe really threw us a curve,” Kogut said. “Instead of the faint signal we hoped to find, here was this booming noise six times louder than anyone had predicted.”

Detailed analysis of the signal ruled out primordial stars or any known radio sources, including gas in the outermost halo of our own galaxy.

Other radio galaxies also can’t account for the noise – there just aren’t enough of them.

“You’d have to pack them into the universe like sardines,” said study team member Dale Fixsen of the University of Maryland. “There wouldn’t be any space left between one galaxy and the next.”

The signal is measured to be six times brighter than the combined emission of all known radio sources in the universe.

For now, the origin of the signal remains a mystery.

“We really don’t know what it is,”said team member Michael Seiffert of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif.

And not only has it presented astronomers with a new puzzle, it is obscuring the sought-for signal from the earliest stars. But the cosmic static may itself provide important clues to the development of galaxies when the universe was much younger, less than half its present age. Because the radio waves come from far away, traveling at the speed of light, they therefore represent an earlier time in the universe.

“This is what makes science so exciting,” Seiffert said. “You start out on a path to measure something – in this case, the heat from the very first stars – but run into something else entirely, some unexplained.”

The Strangest Things in Space

Does Honey and Cinnamon cure most diseases ? – maybe even neutralize Fluoride ?

The drug companies won’t like this getting around.

Facts on Honey and Cinnamon: It is found that a mixture

of honey and cinnamon cures most diseases. Honey is

produced in most of the countries of the world. Scientists

of today also accept honey as a ‘Ram Ban’ (very effective) medicine for
all kinds of diseases.

Honey can be used without any side effects for many kind of diseases.

Today’s science says that even though honey is sweet, if

taken in the right dosage as a medicine, it does not harm diabetic patients.
Weekly World News, a magazine in

Canada, in its issue dated 17 January, 1995 has given the following list of
diseases that can be cured by honey and cinnamon as researched by western
scientists:

HEART DISEASES:
Make a paste of honey and cinnamon powder, apply on

bread, instead of jelly and jam, and eat it regularly for

breakfast. It reduces the cholesterol in the arteries and

saves the patient from heart attack. Also those who

have already had an attack, if they do this process daily,

they are kept miles away from the next attack. Regular

use of the above process relieves loss of breath and strengthens the heart
beat. In America and Canada ,

various nursing homes have treated patients successfully

and have found that as you age, the arteries and veins

lose their flexibility and get clogged; honey and cinnamon revitalize the
arteries and veins.

ARTHRITIS:
Arthritis patients may take daily, morning, and night,

one cup of hot water with two spoons of honey and one

small teaspoon of cinnamon powder. If taken regularly

even chronic arthritis can be cured. In a recent research conducted at the
Copenhagen University , it was found

that when the doctors treated their patients with a

mixture of one tablespoon Honey and half teaspoon

of Cinnamon powder before breakfast, they found

that within a week, out of the 200 people so treated,

practically 73 patients were totally relieved of pain, and

within a month, mostly all the patients who could not

walk or move around because of arthritis started

walking without pain.

BLADDER INFECTIONS:
Take two tablespoons of cinnamon powder and one

teaspoon of honey in a glass of lukewarm water and drink

it. It destroys the germs in the bladder.

CHOLESTEROL:
Two tablespoons of honey and three teaspoons of

Cinnamon Powder mixed in 16 ounces of tea water,

given to a cholesterol patient, were found to reduce the

level of cholesterol in the blood by 10 percent within two

hours. As mentioned, for arthritic patients, if taken three

times a day, any chronic cholesterol is cured. According

to information received in the journal, pure honey taken

with food daily relieves complaints of cholesterol.

COLDS:
Those suffering from common or severe colds should take

one tablespoon lukewarm honey with 1/4 spoon cinnamon

powder daily for three days. This process will cure most

chronic cough, cold and clear the sinuses.

UPSET STOMACH:
Honey taken with cinnamon powder cures stomach ache

and also clears stomach ulcers from the root.

GAS:
According to the studies done in India and Japan , it is

revealed that if honey is taken with cinnamon powder

the stomach is relieved of gas.

IMMUNE SYSTEM:
Daily use of honey and cinnamon powder strengthens the

immune system and protects the body from bacteria

and viral attacks. Scientists have found that honey

has various vitamins and iron in large amounts. Constant

use of honey strengthens the white blood corpuscles to

fight bacteria and viral diseases.

INDIGESTION:
Cinnamon powder sprinkled on two tablespoons of

honey taken before food relieves acidity and digests

the heaviest of meals.

INFLUENZA:
A scientist in Spain has proved that honey contains a

natural ‘Ingredient’ which kills the influenza germs

and saves the patient from flu.

LONGEVITY:
Tea made with honey and cinnamon powder, when taken

regularly, arrests the ravages of old age. Take four

spoons of honey, one spoon of cinnamon powder and

three cups of water and boil to make like tea. Drink

1/4 cup, three to four times a day. It keeps the skin

fresh and soft and arrests old age. Life spans also

increases and even a 100 year old, starts performing

the chores of a 20-year-old.

PIMPLES:
Three tablespoons of honey and one teaspoon of cinnamon

powder paste. Apply this paste on the pimples before

sleeping and wash it off next morning with warm water.

If done daily for two weeks, it removes pimples from

the root.

SKIN INFECTIONS:
Applying honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts on

the affected parts cures eczema, ringworm and all types

of skin infections.

WEIGHT LOSS:
Daily in the morning one half hour before breakfast on

an empty stomach and at night before sleeping,

drink honey and cinnamon powder boiled in one cup

of water. If taken regularly, it reduces the weight of

even the most obese person. Also, drinking this

mixture regularly does not allow the fat to

accumulate in the body even though the person may

eat a high calorie diet.

CANCER:
Recent research in Japan and Australia has revealed that

advanced cancer of the stomach and bones have been

cured successfully. Patients suffering from these kinds

of cancer should daily take one tablespoon of honey

with one teaspoon of cinnamon powder for one month

three times a day.

FATIGUE:
Recent studies have shown that the sugar content of

honey is more helpful rather than being detrimental to the strength of the
body. Senior citizens who take honey

and cinnamon powder in equal parts, are more alert

and flexible. Dr. Milton, who has done research, says that

a half tablespoon of honey taken in a glass of water

and sprinkled with cinnamon powder, taken daily

after brushing and in the afternoon at about 3:00 P.M.

when the vitality of the body starts to decrease,

increases the vitality of the body within a week.

BAD BREATH:
People of South America , first thing in the morning,

gargle with one teaspoon of honey and cinnamon

powder mixed in hot water, so their breath stays fresh throughout the day.

HEARING LOSS:
Daily morning and night honey and cinnamon powder,

taken in equal parts, restore hearing. Remember when

we were kids? We had toast with real butter and

cinnamon sprinkled on it!

You might want to share this information with a friend,

kinfolks and loved ones ~ everyone needs healthy

help information ~ what they do with it is up to them ~

share with your e-mail buddies!

Scientists plan to ignite tiny man-made star

It is science’s star experiment: an attempt to create an artificial sun on earth — and provide an answer to the world’s impending energy shortage.

By Richard Gray, Science Correspondent

While it has seemed an impossible goal for nearly 100 years, scientists now believe that they are on brink of cracking one of the biggest problems in physics by harnessing the power of nuclear fusion, the reaction that burns at the heart of the sun.

In the spring, a team will begin attempts to ignite a tiny man-made star inside a laboratory and trigger a thermonuclear reaction.

Its goal is to generate temperatures of more than 100 million degrees Celsius and pressures billions of times higher than those found anywhere else on earth, from a speck of fuel little bigger than a pinhead. If successful, the experiment will mark the first step towards building a practical nuclear fusion power station and a source of almost limitless energy.

At a time when fossil fuel supplies are dwindling and fears about global warming are forcing governments to seek clean energy sources, fusion could provide the answer. Hydrogen, the fuel needed for fusion reactions, is among the most abundant in the universe. Building work on the £1.2 billion nuclear fusion experiment is due to be completed in spring.

Scientists at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) in Livermore, nestled among the wine-producing vineyards of central California, will use a laser that concentrates 1,000 times the electric generating power of the United States into a billionth of a second.

The result should be an explosion in the 32ft-wide reaction chamber which will produce at least 10 times the amount of energy used to create it.

“We are creating the conditions that exist inside the sun,” said Ed Moses, director of the facility. “It is like tapping into the real solar energy as fusion is the source of all energy in the world. It is really exciting physics, but beyond that there are huge social, economic and global problems that it can help to solve.”
Inside a structure covering an area the size of three football pitches, a single infrared laser will be sent through almost a mile of lenses, mirrors and amplifiers to create a beam more than 10 billion times more powerful than a household light bulb.

Housed within a hanger-sized room that has to be pumped clear of dust to prevent impurities getting into the beam, the laser will then be split into 192 separate beams, converted into ultraviolet light and focused into a capsule at the centre of an aluminium and concrete-coated target chamber.

When the laser beams hit the inside of the capsule, they should generate high-energy X-rays that, within a few billionths of a second, compress the fuel pellet inside until its outer shell blows off.

This explosion of the fuel pellet shell produces an equal and opposite reaction that compresses the fuel itself together until nuclear fusion begins, releasing vast amounts of energy.

Scientists have been attempting to harness nuclear fusion since Albert Einstein’s equation E=mc?, which he derived in 1905, raised the possibility that fusing atoms together could release tremendous amounts of energy.

Under Einstein’s theory, the amount of energy locked up in one gram of matter is enough to power 28,500 100-watt lightbulbs for a year.

Until now, such fusion has only been possible inside nuclear weapons and highly unstable plasmas created in incredibly strong magnetic fields. The work at Livermore could change all this.

The sense of excitement at the facility is clear. In the city itself, people on the street are speaking about the experiment and what it could bring them. Until now Livermore has had only the dubious honour of being home of the US government’s nuclear weapons research laboratories which are on the same site as the NIF.
Inside the facility, the scientists are impatient. After 11 years of development work, they want the last of the lenses and mirrors for the laser to be put in place and the tedious task of adjusting and aiming the laser to be over, a process they fear could take up to a year before they can successfully achieve fusion.
Jeff Wisoff, a former astronaut who is deputy principal associate director of science at the NIF, said: “Everyone is keen to get started, but we have to get the targeting right, otherwise it won’t work.
“We will be firing laser pulses that last just a few billionths of a second but we will be creating conditions that are found in the interior of stars or exploding nuclear weapons.

“I worked on the building of the International Space Station, but this is a far bigger challenge and the implications are huge. When we started the project, a lot of the technology we needed did not exist, so we have had to develop it ourselves.

“The next step is looking at how ignition can be used to deliver something of value to the world. It has the potential to be one of the biggest achievements mankind has made.”

Although other experiments have attempted to create the conditions needed for nuclear fusion, lasers are seen as the most likely technique to be able to provide a viable electricity supply.

If all goes well, the NIF will be able to fire its laser and ignite a fusion reaction every five hours, but to create a reliable fusion power plant the laser would need to ignite fusion around 10 times a second.
The scientists are already working with British counterparts on the next step towards a fusion power station. A project known as the High Powered Laser Research facility aims to create a laser-powered fusion reactor that can fire once every couple of minutes.

Prof Mike Dunne, director of the central laser facility at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory near Oxford, said: “The National Ignition Facility is going to finally prove fusion can be achieved with a laser. It will start an exciting new period in physics as it will prove what we are trying to achieve is actually be possible.”